Orbital

Project Url: skydoves/Orbital
Introduction: 🪐 Jetpack Compose library that allows you to implement dynamic transition animations such as shared element transitions.
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Orbital


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🪐 Jetpack Compose animation library that allows you to implement animations such as shared element transition. This library support Kotlin Multiplatform (Android, iOS, Desktop, macOS, and js)


Maven Central

Gradle

Add the dependency below to your module's build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation("com.github.skydoves:orbital:0.3.4")
}

Note: This is an experimental library that demonstrates various animations with Jetpack Compose. Please make sure that your project uses Jetpack Compose 1.5.4, Compose Compiler 1.5.4, and Kotlin 1.9.20.

For Kotlin Multiplatform, add the dependency below to your module's build.gradle.kts file:

sourceSets {
    val commonMain by getting {
        dependencies {
            implementation("com.github.skydoves:orbital:$version")
        }
    }
}

Usage

You can implement three kinds of animations with Orbital: Movement, Transformation, and Shared Element Transition. Basically, you can run animation with Orbital Composable function, which provides OrbitalScope that allows you to create animations.

Transformation

The example below shows how to implement resizing animation with the animateTransformation extension of the OrbitalScope. The rememberContentWithOrbitalScope allows you to create custom animations such as animateTransformation on the OrbitalScope. You can apply the animateTransformation animation to specific Composables and customize its AnimationSpec as seen the below:

  val transformationSpec = SpringSpec<IntSize>(
    dampingRatio = Spring.DampingRatioMediumBouncy,
    stiffness = 200f
  )

  var isTransformed by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(false) }
  val poster = rememberContentWithOrbitalScope {
    GlideImage(
      modifier = if (isTransformed) {
        Modifier.size(300.dp, 620.dp)
      } else {
        Modifier.size(100.dp, 220.dp)
      }.animateTransformation(this, transformationSpec),
      imageModel = ItemUtils.urls[0],
      contentScale = ContentScale.Fit
    )
  }

  Orbital(
    modifier = Modifier
      .clickable { isTransformed = !isTransformed }
  ) {
    Column(
      Modifier.fillMaxSize(),
      horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally,
      verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center
    ) {
      poster()
    }
  }

Movement

The example below shows how to implement movement animation with the animateMovement extension of the OrbitalScope. The rememberContentWithOrbitalScope allows you to create custom animations such as animateMovement on the OrbitalScope. You can apply the animateMovement animation to specific Composables and customize its AnimationSpec as seen the below:

  val movementSpec = SpringSpec<IntOffset>(
    dampingRatio = Spring.DampingRatioMediumBouncy,
    stiffness = 200f
  )

  var isTransformed by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(false) }
  val poster = rememberContentWithOrbitalScope {
    GlideImage(
      modifier = if (isTransformed) {
        Modifier.size(360.dp, 620.dp)
      } else {
        Modifier.size(130.dp, 220.dp)
      }.animateMovement(this, movementSpec),
      imageModel = ItemUtils.urls[3],
      contentScale = ContentScale.Fit
    )
  }

  Orbital(
    modifier = Modifier
      .clickable { isTransformed = !isTransformed }
  ) {
    if (isTransformed) {
      Column(
        Modifier.fillMaxSize(),
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally,
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center
      ) {
        poster()
      }
    } else {
      Column(
        Modifier
          .fillMaxSize()
          .padding(20.dp),
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.End,
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Bottom
      ) {
        poster()
      }
    }
  }

Shared Element Transition

The example below shows how to implement shared element transition with the animateSharedElementTransition extension of the OrbitalScope. The rememberContentWithOrbitalScope allows you to create custom animations such as animateSharedElementTransition on the OrbitalScope. You can apply the animateSharedElementTransition animation to specific Composables and customize its AnimationSpec. Also, you can set the different AnimationSpecs for the movement and transformation as seen the below:

@Composable
private fun OrbitalSharedElementTransitionExample() {
  var isTransformed by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(false) }
  val item = MockUtils.getMockPosters()[3]
  val poster = rememberContentWithOrbitalScope {
    GlideImage(
      modifier = if (isTransformed) {
        Modifier.fillMaxSize()
      } else {
        Modifier.size(130.dp, 220.dp)
      }.animateSharedElementTransition(
        this,
        SpringSpec(stiffness = 500f),
        SpringSpec(stiffness = 500f)
      ),
      imageModel = item.poster,
      contentScale = ContentScale.Fit
    )
  }

  Orbital(
    modifier = Modifier
      .clickable { isTransformed = !isTransformed }
  ) {
    if (isTransformed) {
      PosterDetails(
        poster = item,
        sharedElementContent = { poster() },
        pressOnBack = {}
      )
    } else {
      Column(
        Modifier
          .fillMaxSize()
          .padding(20.dp),
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.End,
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Bottom
      ) {
        poster()
      }
    }
  }
}

Note: LookaheadLayout is a very experimental API, so measuring complex Composables might throw exceptions.

Shared Element Transition with Multiple Items

The example below shows how to implement shared element transition with multipe items. The basic concept of the usage is the same as the Shared Element Transition example.

  var isTransformed by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(false) }
  val items = rememberContentWithOrbitalScope {
    ItemUtils.urls.forEach { url ->
      GlideImage(
        modifier = if (isTransformed) {
          Modifier.size(140.dp, 180.dp)
        } else {
          Modifier.size(100.dp, 220.dp)
        }
          .animateSharedElementTransition(movementSpec, transformationSpec)
          .padding(8.dp),
        imageModel = url,
        contentScale = ContentScale.Fit
      )
    }
  }

  Orbital(
    modifier = Modifier
      .fillMaxSize()
      .clickable { isTransformed = !isTransformed },
    isTransformed = isTransformed,
    onStartContent = {
      Column(
        Modifier.fillMaxSize(),
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally,
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center
      ) {
        items()
      }
    },
    onTransformedContent = {
      Row(
        verticalAlignment = Alignment.CenterVertically
      ) { items() }
    }
  )

Shared Element Transition With LazyList

The provided code example illustrates the implementation of shared element transformation (container transform) with a lazy list, such as LazyColumn and LazyRow. The OrbitalScope function initiates a scope in which all layout scopes will be measured and pre-calculated for size and position across all child layouts.

@Composable
fun OrbitalLazyColumnSample() {
  val mocks = MockUtils.getMockPosters()

  Orbital {
    LazyColumn {
      items(mocks, key = { it.name }) { poster ->
        var expanded by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(false) }
        AnimatedVisibility(
          remember { MutableTransitionState(false) }
            .apply { targetState = true },
          enter = fadeIn(),
        ) {
          Orbital(modifier = Modifier
            .fillMaxWidth()
            .clickable {
              expanded = !expanded
            }
            .background(color = poster.color, shape = RoundedCornerShape(10.dp))) {
            val title = rememberMovableContentOf {
              Column(
                modifier = Modifier
                  .padding(10.dp)
                  .animateBounds(Modifier),
              ) {
                Text(
                  text = poster.name,
                  fontSize = 18.sp,
                  color = Color.Black,
                  fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,
                )

                Text(
                  text = poster.description,
                  color = Color.Gray,
                  fontSize = 12.sp,
                  maxLines = 3,
                  overflow = TextOverflow.Ellipsis,
                  fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,
                )
              }
            }
            val image = rememberMovableContentOf {
              GlideImage(
                imageModel = { poster.poster },
                component = rememberImageComponent {
                  +CrossfadePlugin()
                },
                modifier = Modifier
                  .padding(10.dp)
                  .animateBounds(
                    if (expanded) {
                      Modifier.fillMaxWidth()
                    } else {
                      Modifier.size(80.dp)
                    },
                    spring(stiffness = Spring.StiffnessLow),
                  )
                  .clip(RoundedCornerShape(5.dp)),
                imageOptions = ImageOptions(requestSize = IntSize(600, 600)),
              )
            }

            if (expanded) {
              Column {
                image()
                title()
              }
            } else {
              Row {
                image()
                title()
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

You should bear in mind these three aspects:

  • Orbital: The Orbital function starts a scope, which measures and pre-calculates the layout size and position for all child layouts. Fundamentally, it initiates a reusable Compose node for the given content, which makes all magic things under the hood. You can utilize the Orbital in nested ways based on your specific scenarios, as illustrated in the code above.
  • rememberMovableContentOf: Utilize this function to remember a movable Composable function, allowing it to be relocated within the Compose tree. All items intended for transformation should be pre-defined using this function, enabling you to display different content based on various situations. All content defined using rememberMovableContentOf must be employed within the Orbital.
  • animateBounds: This serves as the delegate of the Modifier to compute distinct layout sizes based on various situations. It should be used in conjunction with the rememberMovableContentOf function.

Transition Between Composables

You can implement transitions between composable functions, as you've learned in the previous functions. The sample code below demonstrates how you can implement a shared element transition between screens A and B by defining shared content:

enum class Screen {
  A, B;
}

@Composable
fun ScreenTransitionSample() {
  Orbital {
    var screen by rememberSaveable { mutableStateOf(Screen.A) }
    val sizeAnim = spring<IntSize>(stiffness = Spring.StiffnessLow)
    val positionAnim = spring<IntOffset>(stiffness = Spring.StiffnessLow)
    val image = rememberMovableContentOf {
      GlideImage(
        imageModel = { MockUtils.getMockPoster().poster },
        component = rememberImageComponent {
          +CrossfadePlugin()
        },
        modifier = Modifier
          .padding(10.dp)
          .animateBounds(
            modifier = if (screen == Screen.A) {
              Modifier.size(80.dp)
            } else {
              Modifier.fillMaxWidth()
            },
            sizeAnimationSpec = sizeAnim,
            positionAnimationSpec = positionAnim,
          )
          .clip(RoundedCornerShape(12.dp)),
        imageOptions = ImageOptions(requestSize = IntSize(600, 600)),
      )
    }

    val title = rememberMovableContentOf {
      Column(
        modifier = Modifier
          .padding(10.dp)
          .animateBounds(
            modifier = Modifier,
            sizeAnimationSpec = sizeAnim,
            positionAnimationSpec = positionAnim
          ),
      ) {
        Text(
          text = MockUtils.getMockPoster().name,
          fontSize = 18.sp,
          color = Color.Black,
          fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,
        )

        Text(
          text = MockUtils.getMockPoster().description,
          color = Color.Gray,
          fontSize = 12.sp,
          maxLines = 3,
          overflow = TextOverflow.Ellipsis,
          fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,
        )
      }
    }

    if (screen == Screen.A) {
      ScreenA(
        sharedContent = {
          image()
          title()
        }) {
        screen = Screen.B
      }
    } else {
      ScreenB(
        sharedContent = {
          image()
          title()
        }) {
        screen = Screen.A
      }
    }
  }
}

@Composable
private fun ScreenA(
  sharedContent: @Composable () -> Unit,
  navigateToScreenB: () -> Unit
) {
  Orbital {
    Row(modifier = Modifier
      .background(color = Color(0xFFffd7d7))
      .fillMaxSize()
      .clickable {
        navigateToScreenB.invoke()
      }) {
      sharedContent()
    }
  }
}

@Composable
private fun ScreenB(
  sharedContent: @Composable () -> Unit,
  navigateToScreenA: () -> Unit
) {
  Orbital {
    Column(modifier = Modifier
      .background(color = Color(0xFFe3ffd9))
      .fillMaxSize()
      .clickable {
        navigateToScreenA()
      }) {
      sharedContent()
    }
  }
}

Unfortunately, you can't achieve this transition with Jetpack Compose Navigation yet.

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License

Designed and developed by 2022 skydoves (Jaewoong Eum)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
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