ktfmt

Introduction: A program that reformats Kotlin source code to comply with the common community standard for Kotlin code conventions.
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ktfmt is a program that pretty-prints (formats) Kotlin code, based on google-java-format.

Note that ktfmt still has some rough edges which we're constantly working on fixing.

Demo

Before Formatting Formatted by ktfmt
Original ktfmt

For comparison, the same code formatted by ktlint and IntelliJ:

Formatted by ktlint Formatted by IntelliJ
ktlint IntelliJ

Using from the command-line

  • Make sure the vendor/google-java/format submodule is populated. Either clone with submodules (git pull --recurse-submodules https://github.com/facebookincubator/ktfmt.git) or populate the submodule after cloning (git submodule update --init)
  • Run mvn install
  • Run java -jar core/target/ktfmt-0.1-SNAPSHOT-jar-with-dependencies.jar

FAQ

ktfmt vs ktlint vs IntelliJ

ktfmt uses google-java-format's underlying engine, and as such, many items on google-java-format's FAQ apply to ktfmt as well.

In particular,

  1. ktfmt ignores most existing formatting. It respects existing newlines in some places, but in general, its output is determinstic and is independent of the input code.
  2. ktfmt exposes no configuration options that govern formatting behavior. See https://github.com/google/google-java-format/wiki/FAQ#i-just-need-to-configure-it-a-bit-differently-how for the rationale.

These two properties make ktfmt a good fit in large Kotlin code bases, where consistency is very important.

We created ktfmt because ktlint and IntelliJ sometime fail to produce nice-looking code that fits in 100 columns, as can be seen in the Demo section.

ktfmt uses a 2-space indent; why not 4?

Two reasons -

  1. Many of our projects use a mixture of Kotlin and Java, and we found the back-and-forth in styles to be distracting.
  2. From a pragmatic standpoint, the formatting engine behind google-java-format uses more whitespace and newlines than other formatters. Using an indentation of 4 spaces quickly reaches the maximal column width.

Developer's Guide

Setup

  • Make sure the vendor/google-java/format submodule is populated. Either clone with submodules (git pull --recurse-submodules https://github.com/facebookincubator/ktfmt.git) or populate the submodule after cloning (git submodule update --init)
  • Open pom.xml in IntelliJ. Choose "Open as a Project"
  • The IntelliJ project will unfortunately be broken on import. To fix,
    • Turn off ErrorProne by removing the compiler parameters in IntelliJ at the bottom of "Settings -> Build, Execution, Deployment -> Compiler -> Java Compiler" (see https://github.com/google/google-java-format/issues/417)
    • Right click on "vendor/google-java-format/pom.xml" and choose "Add maven project"

Development

  • Currently, we mainly develop by adding tests to FormatterKtTest.kt.

License

Apache License 2.0

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