Introduction: Convert from Groovy to Kotlin DSL for Gradle, focused on Android.
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Welcome! After a lot of pain trying to migrate from Gradle's Groovy to Kotlin DSL on Android Studio, I developed this tool to solve most migration issues and reduce the amount of work you need in order to make things ready.

Please see this tool as a helper, a first resource like Android Studio's Java converter to Kotlin: it won't make a perfect conversion, but it helps a lot in reducing the time you would spend on repetitive tasks.

💻 Getting Started

File mode:
$ ./gradlekotlinconverter.kts build.gradle
$ kotlinc -script gradlekotlinconverter.kts build.gradle

Clipboard mode:
$ ./gradlekotlinconverter.kts

The tool was initially developed using kscript. You can find how to install it here. If you want to run the script with kscript, just call, for example: kscript gradlekotlinconverter.kts build.gradle

Motivation: on my own apps, I've used apostrophes \' instead of quotation marks \" since forever, so it wasn't fun when I discovered I would need to modify more than 100 lines of code to make Kotlin DSL work. Besides this, the tool also solves a few common issues that might appear, like the task clean(type: Delete) that becomes a completely different thing.

📋 Clipboard mode

Sometimes you just want to copy and paste. Just copy whatever you want, run the script, then paste on your IDE. The GIF showcases how simple it is:


😱 Things it can do

Description Before After
Replace all ' with " 'kotlin-android' "kotlin-android"
Replace "def " with "val " def appcompat = "1.0.0" val appcompat = "1.0.0"
Convert plugins apply plugin: "kotlin-kapt" apply(plugin = "kotlin-kapt")
Add ( ) to dependencies implementation ":epoxy" implementation(":epoxy")
Convert Maven maven { url "" } maven("")
Convert Sdk Version compileSdkVersion 28 compileSdkVersion(28)
Convert Version Code versionCode 4 versionCode = 4
Convert Build Types debuggable true isDebuggable = true
Convert proguardFiles proguardFiles getDef..., "..." setProguardFiles(listOf(getDef..., "...")
Convert sourceCompatibility sourceCompatibility = "1.8" sourceCompatibility = JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
Convert androidExtensions androidExtensions { experimental = true } androidExtensions { isExperimental = true }
Convert include include ":app", ":diffutils" include(":app", ":diffutils")
Convert signingConfigs signingConfigs { debug { ... } } signingConfigs { register("debug") { ... } }
Convert buildTypes buildTypes { debug { ... } } buildTypes { named("debug") { ... } })
Convert classpath.exclude configurations.classpath.exclude group: '...lombok' configurations.classpath { exclude(group = "...lombok") }
Kt dependencies (1/3) "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-gradle-plugin:$kt_v" kotlin("gradle-plugin", version = "$kt_v")
Kt dependencies (2/3) "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-stdlib:$kt_v" kotlin("stdlib", KotlinCompilerVersion.VERSION)
Kt dependencies (3/3) "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-reflect" kotlin("reflect")
Convert signingConfig signingConfig signingConfigs.release signingConfig = signingConfigs.getByName("release")
Convert extras ext.enableCrashlytics = false extra.set("enableCrashlytics", false)
Convert plugins apply(...) apply(...) plugins { id(...) id(...) }
Convert plugin ids id "io.gitlab.arturbosch.detekt" version "1.0" id("io.gitlab.arturbosch.detekt") version "1.0"
Convert ":" to " =" testImpl(name: "junit", version: "4.12") testImpl(name = "junit", version = "4.12")

You can find all the details on the source code.

The script was made to convert build.gradle in build.gradle.kts, but it can also help in the migration if you paste something that is not in Kotlin DSL format and you want it converted. If you paste something like a implementation '...' and want it converted to implementation("..."), you are free to call the script on build.gradle.kts file and see it working as expected.

When applying on build.gradle, the script will create, for example, build.gradle.kts. When applying on a file that already ends in .kts, the script will overrite the file. In that case, please make sure you are using git or have a backup, in case things turn out wrong.

😨 Things it still can't do

  • If you find anything, just tell me.

Issue Tracking

Found a bug? Have an idea for an improvement? Feel free to add an issue.


Copyright 2018 Bernardo Ferrari.

Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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