Leaf

Introduction: Distributed ID Generate Service
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There are no two identical leaves in the world.

​ — Leibnitz

中文文档 | English Document

Introduction

Leaf refers to some common ID generation schemes in the industry, including redis, UUID, snowflake, etc. Each of the above approaches has its own problems, so we decided to implement a set of distributed ID generation services to meet the requirements. At present, Leaf covers Meituan review company's internal finance, catering, takeaway, hotel travel, cat's eye movie and many other business lines. On the basis of 4C8G VM, through the company RPC method, QPS pressure test results are nearly 5w/s, TP999 1ms.

You can use it to encapsulate a distributed unique id distribution center in a service-oriented SOA architecture as the id distribution provider for all applications

Quick Start

Leaf Server

Leaf provides an HTTP service based on spring boot to get the id

run Leaf Server

build
cd leaf
mvn clean install -DskipTests
cd leaf-server
run
maven
mvn spring-boot:run

or

shell command
sh deploy/run.sh
test
#segment
curl http://localhost:8080/api/segment/get/leaf-segment-test
#snowflake
curl http://localhost:8080/api/snowflake/get/test

Configuration

Leaf provides two ways to generate ids (segment mode and snowflake mode), which you can turn on at the same time or specify one way to turn on (both are off by default).

Leaf Server configuration is in the leaf-server/src/main/resources/leaf.properties

configuration meaning default
leaf.name leaf service name
leaf.segment.enable whether segment mode is enabled false
leaf.jdbc.url mysql url
leaf.jdbc.username mysql username
leaf.jdbc.password mysql password
leaf.snowflake.enable whether snowflake mode is enabled false
leaf.snowflake.zk.address zk address under snowflake mode
leaf.snowflake.port service registration port under snowflake mode

Segment mode

In order to use segment mode, you need to create DB table first, and configure leaf.jdbc.url, leaf.jdbc.username, leaf.jdbc.password

If you do not want use it, just configure leaf.segment.enable=false to disable it.

CREATE DATABASE leaf
CREATE TABLE `leaf_alloc` (
  `biz_tag` varchar(128)  NOT NULL DEFAULT '', -- your biz unique name
  `max_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  `step` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `description` varchar(256)  DEFAULT NULL,
  `update_time` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY (`biz_tag`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB;

insert into leaf_alloc(biz_tag, max_id, step, description) values('leaf-segment-test', 1, 2000, 'Test leaf Segment Mode Get Id')

Snowflake mode

The algorithm is taken from twitter's open-source snowflake algorithm.

If you do not want to use it, just configure leaf.snowflake.enable=false to disable it.

Configure the zookeeper address

leaf.snowflake.zk.address=${address}
leaf.snowflake.enable=true
leaf.snowflake.port=${port}

configure leaf.snowflake.zk.address in the leaf.properties, and configure the leaf service listen port leaf.snowflake.port.

monitor page

segment mode: http://localhost:8080/cache

Leaf Core

Of course, in order to pursue higher performance, you need to deploy the Leaf service through RPC Server, which only needs to introduce the leaf-core package and encapsulate the API that generates the ID into the specified RPC framework.

Attention

Note that leaf's current IP acquisition logic in the case of snowflake mode takes the first network card IP directly (especially for services that change IP) to avoid wasting the workId

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