Project Url: Kotlin/dataframe
Introduction: Kotlin in-memory data manipulation
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JetBrains incubator project Kotlin Maven Central GitHub License

Kotlin Dataframe aims to reconcile Kotlin static typing with dynamic nature of data by utilizing both the full power of Kotlin language and opportunities provided by intermittent code execution in Jupyter notebooks and REPL.

  • Hierarchical — represents hierarchical data structures, such as JSON or a tree of JVM objects.
  • Functional — data processing pipeline is organized in a chain of DataFrame transformation operations. Every operation returns a new instance of DataFrame reusing underlying storage wherever it's possible.
  • Readable — data transformation operations are defined in DSL close to natural language.
  • Practical — provides simple solutions for common problems and ability to perform complex tasks.
  • Minimalistic — simple, yet powerful data model of three column kinds.
  • Interoperable — convertable with Kotlin data classes and collections.
  • Generic — can store objects of any type, not only numbers or strings.
  • Typesafe — on-the-fly generation of extension properties for type safe data access with Kotlin-style care for null safety.
  • Polymorphic — type compatibility derives from column schema compatibility. You can define a function that requires a special subset of columns in dataframe but doesn't care about other columns.

Integrates with Kotlin kernel for Jupyter. Inspired by krangl, Kotlin Collections and pandas

Explore documentation for details.



repositories {
dependencies {
    implementation 'org.jetbrains.kotlin:dataframe:0.8.0-rc'

Jupyter Notebook

Install Kotlin kernel for Jupyter

Import stable dataframe version into notebook:

%use dataframe

or specific version:

%use dataframe(<version>)

Data model

  • DataFrame is a list of columns with equal sizes and distinct names.
  • DataColumn is a named list of values. Can be one of three kinds:
    • ValueColumn — contains data
    • ColumnGroup — contains columns
    • FrameColumn — contains dataframes

Usage example


// create columns
val fromTo by columnOf("LoNDon_paris", "MAdrid_miLAN", "londON_StockhOlm", "Budapest_PaRis", "Brussels_londOn")
val flightNumber by columnOf(10045.0, Double.NaN, 10065.0, Double.NaN, 10085.0)
val recentDelays by columnOf("23,47", null, "24, 43, 87", "13", "67, 32")
val airline by columnOf("KLM(!)", "{Air France} (12)", "(British Airways. )", "12. Air France", "'Swiss Air'")

// create dataframe
val df = dataFrameOf(fromTo, flightNumber, recentDelays, airline)


// typed accessors for columns
// that will appear during
// dataframe transformation
val origin by column<String>()
val destination by column<String>()

val clean = df
    // fill missing flight numbers
    .fillNA { flightNumber }.with { prev()!!.flightNumber + 10 }

    // convert flight numbers to int
    .convert { flightNumber }.toInt()

    // clean 'airline' column
    .update { airline }.with { "([a-zA-Z\\s]+)".toRegex().find(it)?.value ?: "" }

    // split 'fromTo' column into 'origin' and 'destination'
    .split { fromTo }.by("_").into(origin, destination)

    // clean 'origin' and 'destination' columns
    .update { origin and destination }.with { it.lowercase().replaceFirstChar(Char::uppercase) }

    // split lists of delays in 'recentDelays' into separate columns
    // 'delay1', 'delay2'... and nest them inside original column `recentDelays`
    .split { recentDelays }.inward { "delay$it" }

    // convert string values in `delay1`, `delay2` into ints
    .parse { recentDelays }


    // group by the flight origin renamed into "from"
    .groupBy { origin named "from" }.aggregate {
        // we are in the context of single data group

        // total number of flights from origin
        count() into "count"

        // list of flight numbers
        flightNumber into "flight numbers"

        // counts of flights per airline
        airline.valueCounts() into "airlines"

        // max delay across all delays in `delay1` and `delay2`
        recentDelays.maxOrNull { delay1 and delay2 } into "major delay"

        // separate lists of recent delays for `delay1`, `delay2` and `delay3`
        recentDelays.implode(dropNulls = true) into "recent delays"

        // total delay per destination
        pivot { destination }.sum { recentDelays.intCols() } into "total delays to"

Try it in Datalore and explore more examples here.

Code of Conduct

This project and the corresponding community are governed by the JetBrains Open Source and Community Code of Conduct. Please make sure you read it.


Kotlin Dataframe is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.

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