matrix

Project Url: Tencent/matrix
Introduction: Matrix is a plugin style, no-intrusion APM system developed by WeChat.
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licensePRs WelcomeWeChat Approved

(中文版本请参看这里)

Matrix is an APM (Application Performance Manage) used in Wechat to monitor, locate and analyse performance problems. It is a plugin style, non-invasive solution on Android. It includes:

  • APK Checker:

    Analyse the APK package, give suggestions of reducing the APK's size; Compare two APK and find out the most significant increment on size

  • Resource Canary:

    Detect the activity leak and bitmap duplication basing on WeakReference and Square Haha

  • Trace Canary:

    FPS Monitor, Startup Performance, UI-Block / Slow Method Detection

  • SQLite Lint:

    Evaluate the quality of SQLite statement automatically by using SQLite official tools

  • IO Canary:

    Detect the file IO issues, including performance of file IO and closeable leak

Features

APK Checker

  • Easy-to-use. Matrix provides a JAR tool, which is more convenient to apply to your integration systems.
  • More features. In addition to APK Analyzer, Matrix find out the R redundancies, the dynamic libraries statically linked STL, unused resources, and supports custom checking rules.
  • Visual Outputs. supports HTML and JSON outputs.

Resource Canary

  • Separated detection and analysis. Make possible to use in automated test and in release versions (monitor only).
  • Pruned Hprof. Remove the useless data in hprof and easier to upload.
  • Detection of duplicate bitmap.

Trace Canary

  • High performance. Dynamically modify bytecode at compile time, record function cost and call stack with little performance loss.
  • Accurate call stack of ui-block. Provide informations such as call stack, function cost, execution times to solve the problem of ui-block quickly.
  • Non-hack. High compatibility to Android versions.
  • More features. Automatically covers multiple fluency indicators such as ui-block, startup time, activity switching, slow function detection.

SQLite Lint

  • Easy-to-use. Non-invasive.
  • High applicability. Regardless of the amount of data, you can discover SQLite performance problems during development and testing.
  • High standards. Detection algorithms based on best practices, make SQLite statements to the highest quality.
  • May support multi-platform. Implementing in C++ makes it possible to support multi-platform.

IO Canary

  • Easy-to-use. Non-invasive.
  • More feature. Including performance of file IO and closeable leak.
  • Compatible with Android P.

Getting Started

  1. Configure MATRIX_VERSION in gradle.properties.

    MATRIX_VERSION=0.4.10
    
  2. Add matrix-gradle-plugin in your build.gradle: ``` gradle dependencies { classpath ("com.tencent.matrix:matrix-gradle-plugin:${MATRIX_VERSION}") { changing = true } }

3. Add dependencies to your app/build.gradle.

``` gradle
  dependencies {
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-android-lib", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-android-commons", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-trace-canary", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-resource-canary-android", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-resource-canary-common", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-io-canary", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-sqlite-lint-android-sdk", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
  }

  apply plugin: 'com.tencent.matrix-plugin'
  matrix {
    trace {
        enable = true    //if you don't want to use trace canary, set false
        baseMethodMapFile = "${project.buildDir}/matrix_output/Debug.methodmap"
        blackListFile = "${project.projectDir}/matrixTrace/blackMethodList.txt"
    }
  }
  1. Implement PluginListener to receive data processed by Matrix.
  public class TestPluginListener extends DefaultPluginListener {
    public static final String TAG = "Matrix.TestPluginListener";
    public TestPluginListener(Context context) {
        super(context);

    }

    @Override
    public void onReportIssue(Issue issue) {
        super.onReportIssue(issue);
        MatrixLog.e(TAG, issue.toString());

        //add your code to process data
    }
}
  1. Implement DynamicConfig to change parametes of Matrix.

    public class DynamicConfigImplDemo implements IDynamicConfig {
     public DynamicConfigImplDemo() {}
    
     public boolean isFPSEnable() { return true;}
     public boolean isTraceEnable() { return true; }
     public boolean isMatrixEnable() { return true; }
     public boolean isDumpHprof() {  return false;}
    
     @Override
     public String get(String key, String defStr) {
         //hook to change default values
     }
    
     @Override
     public int get(String key, int defInt) {
       //hook to change default values
     }
    
     @Override
     public long get(String key, long defLong) {
         //hook to change default values
     }
    
     @Override
     public boolean get(String key, boolean defBool) {
         //hook to change default values
     }
    
     @Override
     public float get(String key, float defFloat) {
         //hook to change default values
     }
    }
    
  2. Init Matrix in the onCreate of your application.

  Matrix.Builder builder = new Matrix.Builder(application); // build matrix
  builder.patchListener(new TestPluginListener(this)); // add general pluginListener
  DynamicConfigImplDemo dynamicConfig = new DynamicConfigImplDemo(); // dynamic config

  // init plugin 
  IOCanaryPlugin ioCanaryPlugin = new IOCanaryPlugin(new IOConfig.Builder()
                    .dynamicConfig(dynamicConfig)
                    .build());
  //add to matrix               
  builder.plugin(ioCanaryPlugin);

  //init matrix
  Matrix.init(builder.build());

  // start plugin 
  ioCanaryPlugin.start();

For more Matrix configurations, look at the sample.

Note: You can get more about Matrix output at the wiki The output of Matrix;

APK Checker Usage

APK Checker can run independently in Jar (matrix-apk-canary-0.4.10.jar) mode, usage:

java -jar matrix-apk-canary-0.4.10.jar
Usages: 
    --config CONFIG-FILE-PATH
or
    [--input INPUT-DIR-PATH] [--apk APK-FILE-PATH] [--unzip APK-UNZIP-PATH] [--mappingTxt MAPPING-FILE-PATH] [--resMappingTxt RESGUARD-MAPPING-FILE-PATH] [--output OUTPUT-PATH] [--format OUTPUT-FORMAT] [--formatJar OUTPUT-FORMAT-JAR] [--formatConfig OUTPUT-FORMAT-CONFIG (json-array format)] [Options]

Options:
-manifest
     Read package info from the AndroidManifest.xml.
-fileSize [--min DOWN-LIMIT-SIZE (KB)] [--order ORDER-BY ('asc'|'desc')] [--suffix FILTER-SUFFIX-LIST (split by ',')]
     Show files whose size exceed limit size in order.
-countMethod [--group GROUP-BY ('class'|'package')]
     Count methods in dex file, output results group by class name or package name.
-checkResProguard
     Check if the resguard was applied.
-findNonAlphaPng [--min DOWN-LIMIT-SIZE (KB)]
     Find out the non-alpha png-format files whose size exceed limit size in desc order.
-checkMultiLibrary
     Check if there are more than one library dir in the 'lib'.
-uncompressedFile [--suffix FILTER-SUFFIX-LIST (split by ',')]
     Show uncompressed file types.
-countR
     Count the R class.
-duplicatedFile
     Find out the duplicated resource files in desc order.
-checkMultiSTL  --toolnm TOOL-NM-PATH
     Check if there are more than one shared library statically linked the STL.
-unusedResources --rTxt R-TXT-FILE-PATH [--ignoreResources IGNORE-RESOURCES-LIST (split by ',')]
     Find out the unused resources.
-unusedAssets [--ignoreAssets IGNORE-ASSETS-LIST (split by ',')]
     Find out the unused assets file.
-unstrippedSo  --toolnm TOOL-NM-PATH
     Find out the unstripped shared library file.

Learn more about Matrix-APKChecker

Support

Any problem?

  1. Learn more from Sample
  2. Source Code
  3. Wiki & FAQ
  4. Contact us for help

Contributing

If you are interested in contributing, check out the CONTRIBUTING.md, also join our Tencent OpenSource Plan.

License

Matrix is under the BSD license. See the LICENSE file for details


Matrix

Matrix-icon licensePRs Welcome WeChat Approved

Matrix 是一款微信研发并日常使用的 APM(Application Performance Manage),当前主要运行在 Android 平台上。 Matrix 的目标是建立统一的应用性能接入框架,通过各种性能监控方案,对性能监控项的异常数据进行采集和分析,输出相应的问题分析、定位与优化建议,从而帮助开发者开发出更高质量的应用。

Matrix 当前监控范围包括:应用安装包大小,帧率变化,启动耗时,卡顿,慢方法,SQLite 操作优化,文件读写,内存泄漏等等。

  • APK Checker: 针对 APK 安装包的分析检测工具,根据一系列设定好的规则,检测 APK 是否存在特定的问题,并输出较为详细的检测结果报告,用于分析排查问题以及版本追踪
  • Resource Canary: 基于 WeakReference 的特性和 Square Haha 库开发的 Activity 泄漏和 Bitmap 重复创建检测工具
  • Trace Canary: 监控界面流畅性、启动耗时、页面切换耗时、慢函数及卡顿等问题
  • SQLite Lint: 按官方最佳实践自动化检测 SQLite 语句的使用质量
  • IO Canary: 检测文件 IO 问题,包括:文件 IO 监控和 Closeable Leak 监控

特性

与常规的 APM 工具相比,Matrix 拥有以下特点:

APK Checker

  • 具有更好的可用性:JAR 包方式提供,更方便应用到持续集成系统中,从而追踪和对比每个 APK 版本之间的变化
  • 更多的检查分析功能:除具备 APKAnalyzer 的功能外,还支持统计 APK 中包含的 R 类、检查是否有多个动态库静态链接了 STL 、搜索 APK 中包含的无用资源,以及支持自定义检查规则等
  • 输出的检查结果更加详实:支持可视化的 HTML 格式,便于分析处理的 JSON ,自定义输出等等

Resource Canary

  • 分离了检测和分析部分,便于在不打断自动化测试的前提下持续输出分析后的检测结果
  • 对检测部分生成的 Hprof 文件进行了裁剪,移除了大部分无用数据,降低了传输 Hprof 文件的开销
  • 增加了重复 Bitmap 对象检测,方便通过减少冗余 Bitmap 数量,降低内存消耗

Trace Canary

  • 编译期动态修改字节码, 高性能记录执行耗时与调用堆栈
  • 准确的定位到发生卡顿的函数,提供执行堆栈、执行耗时、执行次数等信息,帮助快速解决卡顿问题
  • 自动涵盖卡顿、启动耗时、页面切换、慢函数检测等多个流畅性指标

SQLite Lint

  • 接入简单,代码无侵入
  • 数据量无关,开发、测试阶段即可发现 SQLite 性能隐患
  • 检测算法基于最佳实践,高标准把控 SQLite 质量*
  • 底层是 C++ 实现,支持多平台扩展

IO Canary

  • 接入简单,代码无侵入
  • 性能、泄漏全面监控,对 IO 质量心中有数
  • 兼容到 Android P

使用方法

  1. 在你项目根目录下的 gradle.properties 中配置要依赖的 Matrix 版本号,如:

    MATRIX_VERSION=0.4.10
    
  2. 在你项目根目录下的 build.gradle 文件添加 Matrix 依赖,如:

    dependencies {
       classpath ("com.tencent.matrix:matrix-gradle-plugin:${MATRIX_VERSION}") { changing = true }
    }
    
  3. 接着,在 app/build.gradle 文件中添加 Matrix 各模块的依赖,如:

    dependencies {
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-android-lib", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-android-commons", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-trace-canary", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-resource-canary-android", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-resource-canary-common", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-io-canary", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
     implementation group: "com.tencent.matrix", name: "matrix-sqlite-lint-android-sdk", version: MATRIX_VERSION, changing: true
    }
    
    apply plugin: 'com.tencent.matrix-plugin'
    matrix {
     trace {
         enable = true    //if you don't want to use trace canary, set false
         baseMethodMapFile = "${project.buildDir}/matrix_output/Debug.methodmap"
         blackListFile = "${project.projectDir}/matrixTrace/blackMethodList.txt"
     }
    }
    
  4. 实现 PluginListener,接收 Matrix 处理后的数据, 如:

    public class TestPluginListener extends DefaultPluginListener {
     public static final String TAG = "Matrix.TestPluginListener";
     public TestPluginListener(Context context) {
         super(context);
    
     }
    
     @Override
     public void onReportIssue(Issue issue) {
         super.onReportIssue(issue);
         MatrixLog.e(TAG, issue.toString());
    
         //add your code to process data
     }
    }
    
  5. 实现动态配置接口, 可修改 Matrix 内部参数. 在 sample-android 中 我们有个简单的动态接口实例DynamicConfigImplDemo.java, 其中参数对应的 key 位于文件 MatrixEnum中, 摘抄部分示例如下: ``` java public class DynamicConfigImplDemo implements IDynamicConfig { public DynamicConfigImplDemo() {}

    public boolean isFPSEnable() { return true;} public boolean isTraceEnable() { return true; } public boolean isMatrixEnable() { return true; } public boolean isDumpHprof() { return false;}

    @Override public String get(String key, String defStr) {

     //hook to change default values
    

    }

    @Override public int get(String key, int defInt) {

      //hook to change default values
    

    }

    @Override public long get(String key, long defLong) {

     //hook to change default values
    

    }

    @Override public boolean get(String key, boolean defBool) {

     //hook to change default values
    

    }

    @Override public float get(String key, float defFloat) {

     //hook to change default values
    

    } }

6. 选择程序启动的位置对 Matrix 进行初始化,如在 Application 的继承类中, Init 核心逻辑如下:
``` java 
  Matrix.Builder builder = new Matrix.Builder(application); // build matrix
  builder.patchListener(new TestPluginListener(this)); // add general pluginListener
  DynamicConfigImplDemo dynamicConfig = new DynamicConfigImplDemo(); // dynamic config

  // init plugin 
  IOCanaryPlugin ioCanaryPlugin = new IOCanaryPlugin(new IOConfig.Builder()
                    .dynamicConfig(dynamicConfig)
                    .build());
  //add to matrix               
  builder.plugin(ioCanaryPlugin);

  //init matrix
  Matrix.init(builder.build());

  // start plugin 
  ioCanaryPlugin.start();

至此,Matrix 就已成功集成到你的项目中,并且开始收集和分析性能相关异常数据,如仍有疑问,请查看 示例.

PS: Matrix 分析后的输出字段的含义请查看 Matrix 输出内容的含义解析

APK Checker

APK Check 以独立的 jar 包提供 (matrix-apk-canary-0.4.10.jar),你可以运行:

java -jar matrix-apk-canary-0.4.10.jar

查看 Usages 来使用它。

Usages: 
    --config CONFIG-FILE-PATH
or
    [--input INPUT-DIR-PATH] [--apk APK-FILE-PATH] [--unzip APK-UNZIP-PATH] [--mappingTxt MAPPING-FILE-PATH] [--resMappingTxt RESGUARD-MAPPING-FILE-PATH] [--output OUTPUT-PATH] [--format OUTPUT-FORMAT] [--formatJar OUTPUT-FORMAT-JAR] [--formatConfig OUTPUT-FORMAT-CONFIG (json-array format)] [Options]

Options:
-manifest
     Read package info from the AndroidManifest.xml.
-fileSize [--min DOWN-LIMIT-SIZE (KB)] [--order ORDER-BY ('asc'|'desc')] [--suffix FILTER-SUFFIX-LIST (split by ',')]
     Show files whose size exceed limit size in order.
-countMethod [--group GROUP-BY ('class'|'package')]
     Count methods in dex file, output results group by class name or package name.
-checkResProguard
     Check if the resguard was applied.
-findNonAlphaPng [--min DOWN-LIMIT-SIZE (KB)]
     Find out the non-alpha png-format files whose size exceed limit size in desc order.
-checkMultiLibrary
     Check if there are more than one library dir in the 'lib'.
-uncompressedFile [--suffix FILTER-SUFFIX-LIST (split by ',')]
     Show uncompressed file types.
-countR
     Count the R class.
-duplicatedFile
     Find out the duplicated resource files in desc order.
-checkMultiSTL  --toolnm TOOL-NM-PATH
     Check if there are more than one shared library statically linked the STL.
-unusedResources --rTxt R-TXT-FILE-PATH [--ignoreResources IGNORE-RESOURCES-LIST (split by ',')]
     Find out the unused resources.
-unusedAssets [--ignoreAssets IGNORE-ASSETS-LIST (split by ',')]
     Find out the unused assets file.
-unstrippedSo  --toolnm TOOL-NM-PATH
     Find out the unstripped shared library file.

由于篇幅影响,此次不再赘述,我们在 Matrix-APKChecker 中进行了详细说明。

Support

还有其他问题?

  1. 查看示例
  2. 阅读源码
  3. 阅读 WikiFAQ
  4. 联系我们。

参与贡献

关于 Matrix 分支管理、issue 以及 pr 规范,请阅读 Matrix Contributing Guide

腾讯开源激励计划 鼓励开发者的参与和贡献,期待你的加入。

License

Matrix is under the BSD license. See the LICENSE file for details

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